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Androgenetic alopecia (hair loss, baldness) occurs due to the sensitivity of hair follicles to androgens. This is the most common cause of hair loss and occurs in 70% of men and 40% of women in a certain period of their lives.
In men, there is usually a recession of the hairline at the temples and baldness at the apex, in women it usually manifests in the form of scattered hair thinning at the top of the head. In men, it often leads to total baldness. Women tend to never get bald completely.
Studies show that the main factor causing androgenetic alopecia is testosterone and more specifically a testosterone derivative – dihydrotestosterone (DHT). These are male hormones – androgens, which occur in men but also in women.
Androgens play an important role in the sexual development of men from birth to adolescence. They regulate the activity of sebaceous glands, apocrine sweat glands and libido. With age, androgens stimulate hair growth on the face, but stop at the temples and the top of the head, this condition has been called the ‘androgenic paradox’.
The problem of baldness does not only affect men but also women in whom an additional factor affecting the hair loss – in addition to the excess of androgens – is the disturbed proportion between female and male sex hormones. Hair loss in women is also promoted by obesity, hypothyroidism and hormonal contraception. Dihydrotestosterone causes the hair to gradually weaken (then the hair becomes thinner and weaker – this is the first manifestation of baldness), and at the same time under its influence significantly shortens the phase of anagen and lengthens telogen (thus the hair grows slower and shorter). Call today to book your consultation 07747474755.