Alopecia Is a Gradual Loss Of Hair Leading To Partial/ Complete Baldness. Click Here To Know More About Its Causes, Types And Treatment Options.
Dr. Deepa Sirikonda, a Senior Consultant Dermatologist at Oliva Skin and Hair Clinic, talks about the different causes, types, treatments associated with alopecia.
Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss, which is one of the most common hair problems faced by both men and women. The term alopecia is more relevant to scalp hair loss. It is essential to treat this condition as it can lead to complete baldness if left untreated. With stress and aging playing a significant role, this condition can affect individuals as early as in their 20s.
Though this is a severe condition, an experienced dermatologist can treat it effectively with the help of various medications and treatments.
Types of Alopecia
Three broad categories of hair loss include the following:
Telogen Effluvium – Though it is a rare condition, it is easily treatable. It is usually a result of some mental/physical trauma, stress, sickness, etc. In this condition, a good number of hair follicles enter the resting phase, which leads to temporary hair loss.
Androgenetic Alopecia – A common type of hair loss in both men and women, that occurs due to increased activity of the Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) hormone. In this condition, one would observe hair loss in the temple and crown area in men, while females will note hair thinning alongside the natural partition.
Alopecia Areata – This is another common type of hair loss, which is a result of autoimmune disorders. It leads to drastic hair loss and affects hair on the scalp, beard and other parts of the body. This condition can lead to complete baldness as well.
Causes & Symptoms of Alopecia
The factors that trigger alopecia are different for men and women. Causes of alopecia in men include:
Increased activity of DHT
Side effects of medications or surgery
Medical conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid, and insulin resistance.
Causes of alopecia in women include:
Vitamin and mineral deficiency
Hormonal imbalance during pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, etc.
PCOS and insulin resistance
Faulty hair care
You can observe the symptoms of hair loss daily.
Pay attention to the amount of hair on the pillow, on the floor after your shower, or the towel. If you notice that the amount of hair fall is more than the usual, then it is an indication that hair thinning and hair loss has set in.
Another symptom of acute hair loss is how easily your hair breaks or if there are huge clumps of hair on your brush/comb.
You can observe the difference in your hairline by comparing photographs, and if there is a drastic change, then you must visit a dermatologist.
Consultation & Treatment
When it comes to hair loss and hair thinning, the sooner you treat it, the higher are your chances to restore your lost glory. After a careful investigation of your family and medical history, your dermatologist may prescribe oral and topical medications. In some cases, your doctor may recommend a few medical tests to rule out any nutrient deficiencies.
Your dermatologist may choose any of the following treatment options depending on the severity of your condition:
Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP)
Stem Cell Therapy
Low-Level Laser Therapy
Platelet Rich Fibrin Matrix
Self-Care Limitations & Importance Of Seeking Advice From A Dermatologist
Several self-care measures such as improving your diet, limiting the use of abrasive hair products, maintaining a low-tension hairstyle, etc., will help control the condition but they will not address the root cause of the problem.
Each hair loss case is unique, and it requires guidance and customized care from an experienced dermatologist. A reputed hair clinic will have a team of qualified dermatologists who follow the best safety protocols. Apart from going through the reviews, one should also inquire about the dermatologists, treatments, and the equipment available while choosing a hair clinic.
How to Book an Appointment?
To book an appointment at Oliva Skin and Hair Clinic, you can call on the toll-free number 8377-950-960 or visit Our official website.
Remember, early diagnosis is critical to treating alopecia successfully.